How To Add Wind Turbine To Solar Inverter?

A wind turbine and solar inverter are renewable energy technologies that allow homeowners to generate their own electricity. A wind turbine converts the kinetic energy from wind into electrical energy. The turbine is connected to a generator which converts the mechanical rotation into electrical current. A solar inverter converts the direct current (DC) electricity produced by solar panels into alternating current (AC) which can be used to power homes and grid-tied applications.

There are several reasons why a homeowner may want to connect a wind turbine to their existing solar inverter. Combining wind and solar allows you to maximize renewable energy production from multiple sources. Solar panels produce the most energy during sunny, mid-day hours. In comparison, wind turbines can continue generating electricity at night when solar production stops. Connecting wind and solar provides more consistent renewable power production throughout the day. Additionally, a combined system provides backup energy if one source goes offline. For example, cloudy days may decrease solar output but wind turbines can compensate during those periods. Overall, connecting wind and solar smooths out renewable energy generation for more resiliency and reliability.




Assess Your Needs

The first step is determining your power needs and goals. Are you wanting to go completely off-grid or have a grid-tied system with a battery backup? Calculating your required wattage will help determine the size system and components needed.

Start by totaling your average daily energy consumption in kWh. The average U.S. home uses around 10,600 kWh per year, or about 29 kWh per day. Your usage may be higher or lower depending on the size of your home and appliances. Refer to past electric bills to find your average daily consumption. To accurately size your system, examine usage for each month, as energy needs fluctuate by season.

Next, factor in any anticipated increases in energy demand, like a new electric vehicle or appliance. Also account for future energy needs if you plan to expand your home. Adding in a safety buffer of 20% is recommended when sizing your system.

Knowing your total daily and future energy requirements will inform the solar array and battery capacity needed. Online calculators like those from can help determine the right system size

Select Equipment

Selecting the appropriate wind turbine and solar inverter is crucial to maximize performance. Consider your current and future power needs, as well as your budget, when choosing models. Larger systems can power entire homes continuously, while smaller ones are best for supplemental or backup power. Consider reputable brands like Ista Breeze and Renogy which offer superior quality and warranties. Choose an inverter that can handle your solar array and anticipated wind turbine output to prevent overload. Grid-tied inverters synchronize the system to the utility grid and feed excess power back. Standalone inverters can operate independently off-grid. Inverters with MPPT technology maximize efficiency. Review product specs and consult with installers to choose suitable equipment within your budget. A 2 kW turbine and 5 kW inverter can cover basic needs. For whole home power, opt for a 10 kW turbine and 10+ kW inverter. Investing in durable, high-output equipment will yield productivity over decades.

Obtain Permits

Before installing a wind turbine, it’s crucial to research and acquire any required permits from local zoning and permitting authorities. Many municipalities have regulations on wind turbine installations, including height restrictions, setback requirements, and noise limits. According to the U.S. Department of Energy’s WINDExchange, securing permits is an “essential step for all energy projects” (source).

Common permits needed for small wind turbine installations include building, electrical, zoning, and environmental permits. The specific requirements vary significantly depending on location. For example, Texas has statewide guidelines that allow wind turbines up to 20 feet above the highest structure on a property, while California counties establish their own local zoning laws (source).

It’s recommended to consult with local zoning and permitting offices early in the process to identify all required approvals. Homeowners may need to submit plot plans, project descriptions, equipment specifications, and impact studies. Allow sufficient lead time, as securing permits can take several months. Understanding the regulations in advance prevents costly surprises down the road.

Install Wind Turbine

Selecting a site with good wind resources is crucial for maximizing power generation. Use a wind resource map or anemometer data to identify areas with annual average wind speeds of at least 10 mph at the proposed turbine hub height. The turbine should be sited upwind of buildings and trees that could block the wind. Follow all zoning and permitting requirements for height and setbacks from property lines.

Install the wind turbine mounting, tower, and wiring according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The tower height should be optimal for the particular wind turbine model. Ensure that the foundation is appropriate for the soil conditions and that all electrical connections are properly made and housed in protective casing. Work with a wind turbine installation professional if lacking the technical expertise. Proper installation is key for safety, performance, and longevity of the system.


[1] “Installing and Maintaining a Small Wind Electric System.” U.S. Department of Energy.

[2] “Installing a Wind Turbine to Help Power My Home!.” Instructables.

Connect to Inverter

After the wind turbine is installed, the next step is to connect it to the solar inverter. This allows the wind turbine to integrate with the solar PV system by channeling power generated by the wind turbine through the solar inverter. It is important to properly wire the wind turbine to the solar inverter transfer switch, being sure to observe polarity. The positive and negative terminals on the wind turbine must align to the respective positive and negative terminals on the solar inverter. Reversing polarity can damage electrical components.

Consult the user manuals for both the wind turbine and solar inverter to determine the appropriate wire gauge for the connection. Thicker wires help minimize energy loss across long distances. Use crimp connectors or solder points to firmly attach the wires from the wind turbine to the solar inverter. Verify all connections are secure before turning on the integrated system. With the wind turbine now tied into the solar inverter, any renewable energy generated can be used on-site or exported to the grid.

Commission System

An important step when installing a hybrid wind and solar system is properly commissioning the system to activate it and verify functionality. This involves several key steps:

First, activate the inverter and any control systems according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Many inverters provide an initial setup wizard or have specific buttons to power on the system.

Next, test that the system is producing power from both the solar panels and the wind turbine and that this power is being properly converted by the inverter. Monitor the power output readings through the inverter interface or any connected monitoring software. The readings should show production from both sources when they are actively generating.

Verify that the battery bank is charging and discharging as expected during different conditions. When solar and/or wind input is high, the batteries should be charging. When input is lower, stored battery power should discharge to the loads. This regulation should happen automatically via the inverter/charge controller.

Finally, connect loads and appliances and confirm they are powered reliably from the system. Test during both grid connected and off-grid conditions per the intended use case.

Contact the manufacturer if any issues are observed, as full functionality is key before routinely running the hybrid system. Once commissioned, periodic maintenance and monitoring will keep it operating optimally.

Perform Maintenance

Routine maintenance is essential to ensure the wind turbine operates safely and efficiently over its lifetime. Maintenance tasks should be performed according to the wind turbine and inverter manufacturers’ recommended schedules. Most manufacturers recommend an annual or biannual comprehensive maintenance inspection.

During maintenance inspections, technicians will inspect all mechanical, electrical, and structural components for signs of wear, corrosion, looseness, or other issues. They will check and lubricate moving parts, torque bolts, check cables and connections, test brakes and controllers, and more. The wind turbine blades are also inspected for chips, cracks, and smoothness affecting aerodynamics. Any worn or defective components should be repaired or replaced as needed.

It’s also important to clean the turbine and blades regularly to prevent buildup of dirt or debris that could lead to turbine imbalance or other issues. The inverter filters should be cleaned and fans vacuumed out during maintenance as well. Technicians may perform an electrical safety test and verify proper generator operation. Following the manufacturer’s maintenance recommendations thoroughly helps minimize downtime and ensures the system operates as designed over its lifetime.

According to the American Wind Energy Association, a typical maintenance program costs $10-$15 per kilowatt hour of capacity. Larger wind turbines above 100 kW may require more specialized equipment and trained technicians, increasing maintenance costs. Proper maintenance helps maximize system output and return on investment over the wind turbine’s 20-30 year lifespan. [1]

Troubleshoot Issues

Any time a newly installed hybrid wind-solar system is not operating as expected, troubleshooting is required to diagnose and resolve the issues. Some common problems to look for include error codes on inverters or charge controllers, reduced power output, and strange sounds from turbines. Always start troubleshooting by checking all connections and wires for looseness or damage. Refer to equipment manuals for specific error code meanings and recommended actions. Poor connections can cause many problems in hybrid systems, so ensure all terminals and wires are clean, tight, and corrosion-free (source).

If error codes point to issues with the wind turbine itself, inspect the blades, bearings, and mechanical components. Debris or damage on blades, worn out bearings causing vibration, and loose bolts can all prevent proper turbine operation. Make sure blades spin freely and the wind turbine body is structurally sound. Replacement of bearings or other components may be needed over time. Preventative maintenance extends system lifespan and minimizes issues (source).

For reduced power output not accompanied by error codes, look at each component individually to isolate the problem. Check solar panel connections, angle and cleanliness. Inspect wind turbine blades and position relative to prevailing winds. If batteries are consistently undercharged, there may be an issue with the charge controller or inverter. Compare individual component outputs to their rated specs to pinpoint any underperformance. Keep detailed maintenance logs to establish normal output levels for the system.

Maximize Efficiency

Monitoring and optimizing the system’s performance is crucial for maximizing energy output. The orientation, tilt angles, and settings of both the wind turbine and solar panels should be regularly checked and adjusted to extract the most power generation possible.

The wind turbine’s orientation should align with the prevailing wind direction in the area to maximize wind exposure. The tilt angle of the turbine blades can also be adjusted to find the optimal angle given wind speeds and direction. Solar panels should face true south (in the northern hemisphere) and be tilted at an angle equal to the site’s latitude for maximum year-round solar exposure.

Use solar panel monitoring to track production and identify any underperforming panels. Check for debris, snow cover, and shading that could be reduced. Inspect electrical connections and wiring for damage or loose connections. Review inverter performance data and update settings if needed. There are online tools and apps to analyze system data and pinpoint optimization opportunities.[1]

Consider adjusting the ratio of wind to solar components over time as production data is analyzed. Overall, continuously monitoring performance and fine-tuning components will maximize the hybrid system’s energy output.

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