How Do I Invest In Wind Power?

With the rising demand for clean energy and the declining cost of wind power, investing in wind energy has become an increasingly attractive opportunity. According to the American Clean Power Association, wind power accounted for over 10% of electricity generation in the US in 2021 and is one of the fastest growing energy sources worldwide (American Clean Power Association). Wind energy capacity in the US has increased over 11% annually in the last decade (Center for Sustainable Systems). With wind energy’s growth expected to continue, especially as more companies and governments set renewable energy targets, now may be an ideal time to consider investing in wind power.

There are several ways for both individual and institutional investors to gain exposure to the wind energy sector. Investing directly in wind energy companies that manufacture, develop, and operate wind farms is one option. Investing in wind farms by purchasing equity or debt is another possibility requiring more capital. For smaller investors, investing through public funds focused on wind energy or renewable energy more broadly is a more accessible option. later sections will explore these wind power investment options in more detail.

Types of Wind Power Investments

There are several ways for investors to gain exposure to wind power:

Investing in Wind Energy Companies

Investors can purchase stock in public wind energy companies that develop, own and operate wind farms and turbines. Major players include NextEra Energy, Vestas Wind Systems, Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy and GE Renewable Energy [1]. These large corporations provide investors a way to benefit from the growth of the industry as a whole.

There are also opportunities to invest directly in private wind energy companies. However, these deals are typically limited to accredited investors. Private equity can allow for higher potential returns but also higher risk compared to public stocks.

Investing in Wind Farms

Wealthy individuals and institutions can invest directly in wind farm projects. This provides exposure to the revenue generated from the sale of electricity. Investments can be structured as equity, debt, or tax equity. However, minimum investments are usually quite substantial.

Investing in Wind Energy Funds

For smaller investors, funds and REITs focused on wind assets provide a way to gain diversified exposure. These pooled investment vehicles hold various wind farm equity and debt investments. Popular options include Renewable Energy Infrastructure Fund and Brookfield Renewable Partners [2].

Investing in Wind Energy Companies

Publicly traded wind energy companies represent a popular way for investors to gain exposure to the wind power industry. According to, some of the largest public wind power companies include Vestas, Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy, Goldwind, General Electric, and Envision Energy.

Vestas is a Danish company and the world’s leading manufacturer of wind turbines. With over 140 GW of wind turbines installed across 80 countries, Vestas captured 29% of the global market share in 2021. The company reported over $18 billion in revenue in 2021. Vestas aims to produce carbon-neutral turbines by 2030 and achieve net-zero emissions across its value chain by 2040.

Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy is a Spanish wind turbine company created through the merger of Siemens Wind Power and Gamesa. The company manufactures onshore and offshore wind turbines and had over 121 GW of installed capacity at the end of 2021. Siemens Gamesa reported €9.8 billion in revenue in 2021 but has faced some financial challenges recently due to supply chain disruptions and rising costs.

Goldwind is a Chinese company and one of the largest wind turbine manufacturers globally. The company had an 18% share of the Chinese wind turbine market and over 8% globally in 2020. Goldwind is now expanding internationally, with over 50 GW of turbines installed across 28 countries. The company reported $4.6 billion in revenue in 2020.

General Electric has a long history in wind power and was one of the earliest innovators in wind turbine technology. GE Renewable Energy is now one of the world’s leading wind turbine manufacturers, with over 63 GW installed worldwide. The company is investing heavily in next-generation wind turbine technology, including the massive Haliade-X model.

While supply chain and commodity pricing issues have created some headwinds recently, most analysts remain bullish on the long-term growth prospects for wind energy companies. Continued technology advances, government support, and the global energy transition provide tailwinds for public wind power companies to generate solid returns for investors.

Investing in Wind Farms

Wind farms provide an attractive investment opportunity for those interested in the renewable energy sector. Investing in a wind farm involves acquiring equity stakes in projects that generate electricity by harnessing the power of wind through clusters of turbines. There are several ways to invest in wind farms, including directly investing as a limited partner, through publicly traded yieldcos, or via funds focused on renewable energy infrastructure.

Returns on wind farm investments can be quite lucrative but also carry risks. According to industry experts, potential annual returns range from 7% to 12% for wind farms. This stable return is driven by the long-term power purchase agreements that provide consistent cash flow over a wind farm’s lifespan of around 25 years (See: However, wind farm investments tend to be highly illiquid, and investors need to be prepared to commit capital for 10 years or longer. There is also technology risk associated with mechanical failure of turbines. Maintenance costs and unpredictable weather events can impact returns as well. Overall, wind farms offer attractive yields for patient investors but require research to mitigate potential risks.

Investing in Wind Energy Funds

Wind energy funds allow investors to gain exposure to a basket of wind energy companies and assets. These funds offer a diversified way to invest in the wind sector rather than picking individual stocks. Some of the major wind energy funds include:

First Trust Global Wind Energy ETF (FAN) – This ETF tracks an index of global wind turbine manufacturers, developers, and component suppliers. FAN has delivered average annual returns of 10.2% over the past 5 years. Risks include exposure to fluctuating policy support and input costs (source).

Invesco WilderHill Clean Energy ETF (PBW) – With assets over $1 billion, this is one of the largest clean energy ETFs. PBW invests in U.S. companies focused on renewable power generation and clean energy technologies. The ETF has posted average annual returns around 20% over 5 years but carries higher risk as a sector fund (source).

ALPS Clean Energy ETF (ACES) – This global clean energy ETF provides exposure to wind, solar, hydrogen, and other renewable energy sources. ACES offers a broad basket of stocks across the clean energy supply chain. The fund has delivered average annual returns of 22% over the past 3 years (source).

Financial Incentives

The U.S. federal government offers some attractive tax credits and incentives for investing in wind power that can offset costs and increase returns. The main incentives are:

Production Tax Credit and Investment Tax Credit (ITC) – The PTC allows owners of wind farms to claim a federal income tax credit per kilowatt-hour of energy generated in the facility’s first 10 years. The ITC allows developers to claim 30% of the capital costs of building a wind facility against their income tax. The PTC and ITC have helped drive substantial growth in wind power.

Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit – Homeowners who install small wind turbines with capacity up to 100 kW can receive a 30% federal tax credit off the total cost. This can make residential wind systems more affordable.

Accelerated depreciation – Wind farm investors can depreciate investments in wind energy equipment on an accelerated 5-year schedule, providing valuable tax deductions.

There are also state and local incentives like sales tax exemptions, property tax reductions, rebates, and grants available for wind power investments in certain areas.

Evaluating Wind Investments

When evaluating potential wind energy investments, there are several key factors to consider in your analysis:

Assess the wind resource potential – Evaluating the average wind speeds in the area and conducting wind studies is critical to determining the potential energy generation and profitability of a wind project ( Areas with consistent, strong wind resources will produce more power.

Understand the financial projections – Carefully review the projected capital and operating costs, energy production estimates, revenues, incentives, and expected returns. Make conservative assumptions given the uncertainties involved (

Consider future growth – The wind energy market is expected to continue expanding globally, supported by government policies, technology improvements, and cost reductions. Account for future growth opportunities at a site or in a region when evaluating the long-term potential (

Assess risks – Factor in risks such as changes to policies, electricity prices, operating issues, and weather variability. Diversification across projects and geographies can help mitigate risks.

Wind energy investments require detailed due diligence, but can provide stable long-term returns from an expanding renewable resource.

Risks and Challenges

Investing in wind power comes with some unique risks and challenges to consider. Wind energy relies heavily on favorable weather conditions, so wind farm revenue can fluctuate depending on wind patterns. Prolonged low wind speeds can significantly impact energy generation and profits (1). Intermittent power generation from wind also poses challenges for grid integration and matching supply with demand (2).

Other risks include equipment failures, especially blade damage, which can lead to high repair and replacement costs (1). Wind turbines require regular maintenance and inspections to minimize downtime. Wind farms in remote locations are also susceptible to copper theft and vandalism, requiring security precautions (3). Overall, while wind power offers many advantages, investors should carefully evaluate risks such as weather dependence, grid integration, equipment failures, and security when assessing potential wind energy projects.




Investment Outlook

The future outlook for wind power investments is very positive due to a combination of technology improvements, cost reductions, and supportive government policies. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the cost of onshore wind power could be reduced by 10-20% by 2025 and 35-49% by 2050 (source). This will make wind power more cost competitive with fossil fuels and drive greater deployment.

Experts predict strong growth in wind power capacity over the next decade. The U.S. Department of Energy expects wind to supply 35% of U.S. electricity by 2050, up from 7% today (source). Globally, IRENA forecasts average annual investments in new wind power capacity to reach $146 billion per year from now until 2030.

For investors, this growth potential translates into attractive returns. Wind energy companies with stable revenue from power purchase agreements can provide steady dividends. Wind farms can produce internal rates of return from 5-10%, with faster payback than solar power projects. Overall, wind power offers a profitable long-term investment in a sustainable energy source.

Getting Started

If you want to start investing in wind power, here are some tips to help you get started:

First, educate yourself on the different ways to invest in wind energy. You can invest directly in wind energy companies, invest in wind farms, or invest through funds focused on renewable energy (source). Understand the risks, challenges, and financial incentives involved with each approach.

Next, research the major players in the wind energy industry to identify potential investment opportunities. Look at companies like NextEra Energy, Brookfield Renewable Partners, and Vestas (source). Evaluate their financials and growth prospects.

If investing directly in wind farms, connect with wind energy experts in your area to find local opportunities. You may need to pool capital with other investors to afford the high upfront costs of building a wind farm (source).

Finally, start small to get your feet wet. Consider investing through a renewable energy ETF or mutual fund before making direct investments. This allows you to gain exposure to the industry while diversifying your risk.

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