Which State Of India Has Highest Potential For Solar Energy?


Solar energy is one of the most abundant and clean renewable energy sources available today. India is blessed with huge solar energy potential due to its geographical location, with most parts of the country receiving 4-7 kWh per square meter per day of solar radiation. With a growing economy and rising energy demand, solar energy is critical for meeting India’s future energy needs in a sustainable manner.

Over the last decade, India has emerged as a global leader in renewable energy expansion, especially solar. The country’s installed solar capacity has grown over 200 times from just 10 MW in 2010 to over 41 GW as of March 2022. Under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ambitious target, India aims to reach 100 GW of solar capacity by 2022 as part of its commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement. With supportive policies and rapid cost declines, solar energy is poised to play a major role in India’s renewable energy future.

Solar Potential by State

India has tremendous potential for solar power generation due to its location in the sunny tropical belt and large tracts of unused land. However, solar potential varies greatly by state due to differences in average sunlight hours and land availability. Here are the top 5 states with the highest solar power potential:

Rajasthan – With around 330 sunny days per year, Rajasthan has the highest solar irradiation in India. The state has the potential to generate over 142 gigawatts of solar power, according to estimates by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

Gujarat – Gujarat has high solar potential given its long coastline and arid climate. The state could potentially generate over 35 gigawatts of solar energy.

Madhya Pradesh – MP has hot and dry weather ideal for solar plants. The estimated solar generation capacity is over 20 gigawatts.

Maharashtra – Located in the Deccan Plateau, Maharashtra can produce up to 64 gigawatts of solar power.

Andhra Pradesh – With its high temperatures and sparse population, Andhra Pradesh has great conditions for large-scale solar farms and could generate over 38 gigawatts.

solar panels installed on empty land in rajasthan, india


Rajasthan has the highest solar energy potential in India due to its arid climate and vast swathes of unused desert land. With over 300 clear sunny days per year, Rajasthan receives solar radiation of 5.72 – 6.23 kWh/m2 and is ideal for large-scale solar power projects.

Some of the major solar parks in Rajasthan include:

  • Bhadla Solar Park in Jodhpur district – has an installed capacity of 2,255 MW, making it one of the largest solar parks in the world.
  • Pokhran Solar Park in Jaisalmer district – has an installed capacity of 750 MW.
  • Phalodi Solar Park in Jodhpur district – has an installed capacity of 226 MW.

The state government aims to generate 25,000 MW of solar power by 2025, tapping into the vast potential that exists. Rajasthan currently accounts for about 35% of India’s total installed solar capacity.


Gujarat has emerged as a leader in solar power generation in India thanks to its favorable geographic location and proactive policies by the state government. The state has India’s first solar park, the Charanka Solar Park, which spans over 5,384 hectares and has an installed capacity of 500 MW. Gujarat currently has over 2,000 MW of installed solar capacity, accounting for over 15% of India’s total solar power generation.

The state government offers several incentives to attract investments in solar energy. These include exemption from electricity duty, rebates on power tariffs for buying renewable power, and waiver of inter-state power transmission charges for solar projects. The state has also allocated land banks for exclusive development of solar parks.

Some of the major solar projects in Gujarat are:

  • Charanka Solar Park – 500 MW
  • Dholera Solar Park – 500 MW (upcoming)
  • Surat Hybrid Solar Park – 100 MW
  • Banaskantha Solar Park – 700 MW (upcoming)

With its large desert area, high solar insolation, and favorable policies, Gujarat is poised to continue being a solar hub of India in the coming years.

Madhya Pradesh

rows of solar panels at a solar park in madhya pradesh

Madhya Pradesh has emerged as a leading state for solar energy in India. With its large tracts of wasteland and dry tropical climate, Madhya Pradesh receives abundant sunlight needed for solar power generation. The state has set up several major solar parks and continues to add significant solar capacity.

The Rewa Solar Park in Madhya Pradesh is one of the largest solar parks in Asia. Spread over 1500 hectares, the solar park has a capacity of 750 MW. The park uses state-of-the-art solar technology and features over 2.5 million solar panels. The Rewa Solar Park produces enough electricity to power over 2 million households.

In addition to Rewa, Madhya Pradesh hosts other major solar parks like the Mandsaur Solar Park (250 MW), Neemuch Solar Park (500 MW), and Agar Solar Park (550 MW). The state has set a target to develop 10,000 MW of solar capacity, both through large solar parks and distributed rooftop solar installations.

With the right policies, availability of land, and solar resources, Madhya Pradesh has demonstrated exceptional growth in solar energy. The state provides a model for realizing India’s solar power potential.


Maharashtra is one of the leading states in solar energy generation in India. The state has high solar irradiance and vast tracts of land ideal for large-scale solar projects. Maharashtra has set a target of generating 7500 MW of solar power by 2022.

Some of the major solar parks in Maharashtra include:

  • Sakri Solar Park – With a capacity of 250 MW, it is one of the largest solar parks in the state spread over 1300 acres.
  • Vidharbha Solar Park – A 200 MW solar park located in Washim district.
  • Dondaicha Solar Park – A 500 MW solar park being developed across 2500 acres in Dhule district.

The state government offers various incentives to boost solar power generation including exemption of electricity duty, tax holidays and subsidies. The abundant sunlight, policy support and large barren lands make Maharashtra one of the top states for solar energy production.

Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh, located in southern India, has emerged as a leading state for solar power capacity in recent years. With its high solar insolation and large barren lands in the Anantapur, Kadapa and Kurnool districts, Andhra Pradesh has ideal conditions for generating solar power.

solar farm in andhra pradesh, with panels covering a large area

The state government has promoted solar power development through initiatives like the Solar Power Policy 2015, which aims to develop 5,000 MW of solar capacity. Large solar parks are being developed across Andhra Pradesh, such as the Ananthapuramu Ultra Mega Solar Park which will have 1,500 MW capacity.

Major solar power projects in Andhra Pradesh include:

  • NTPC Kadapa Solar Park (250 MW)
  • NTPC Ananthapuramu Solar Park (250 MW)
  • Adani Kamuthi Solar Plant (648 MW) – largest single location solar plant in India

With these large-scale projects, Andhra Pradesh had over 3,260 MW of installed solar capacity by 2018. The state has set a target of achieving 18,000 MW of solar power by 2022. With its high solar radiation, large tracts of unused land and supportive policies, Andhra Pradesh is poised to continue as a national leader in solar energy generation.

Other States

While Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh lead in solar potential, other states in India also have significant solar energy resources that can be harnessed. Karnataka, for example, has high solar insolation in its northern region and considerable installed solar capacity. The Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited has set ambitious solar targets for the state. Telangana also has good solar potential, especially in its southern districts. Under the Telangana Solar Power Policy, the state aims to install over 5,000 MW of solar power capacity by 2022. Other states with noteworthy solar potential include Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Kerala, and Odisha. Although further behind in solar development, the strong solar resources in these states represent major opportunities for future growth.


India faces several challenges in expanding its solar energy capacity despite having tremendous potential. Some of the key challenges are:

Land Acquisition: Setting up large solar parks requires large tracts of inexpensive, unused land. However, land acquisition is becoming difficult due to competing uses, increasing prices, and local resistance.

Transmission Infrastructure: Areas with abundant solar resources are often not well-connected to the grid. Significant investments are needed in transmission lines to evacuate power from solar parks to load centers.

Storage Solutions: Solar power is intermittent and storage is crucial for 24×7 supply. Cost-effective energy storage solutions at utility scale are still lacking.

Financing: Developers face challenges in securing affordable finance for solar projects due to perceived off-taker risks and market uncertainties.

Module Manufacturing: Domestic manufacturing of solar cells/modules needs to expand to reduce imports and support the solar program.

Skill Shortage: There is a shortage of skilled manpower for project development, engineering, and operations of solar parks.

Addressing these challenges will be vital for India to tap its full solar potential and continue its solar expansion journey.


To conclude, Rajasthan has the highest potential for solar energy in India due to its vast expanses of dry, sunny desert landscapes. With the world’s largest solar farm located in the Thar desert, Rajasthan has taken advantage of this potential and established itself as a leader in solar energy production in India. However, other states like Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra also offer high solar potential thanks to sunny weather and large areas of unused wasteland.

While there are still challenges around transmission infrastructure and financing, the solar energy outlook for India overall is very positive. With abundant solar resources across multiple states and steadily declining costs, solar is poised to play a major role in helping India meet its rising energy demands in a sustainable manner. If solar potential can be fully tapped, it can provide clean, renewable energy to millions and support India’s goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating climate change impacts.

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