How Much Of Texas Energy Is Wind Powered?

How much of Texas energy is wind powered?

Texas has emerged as a national leader in wind energy production in recent years. The state has vast wind resources and ideal conditions for generating electricity from wind power. As of 2021, Texas accounted for over 30% of total U.S. wind power capacity, more than any other state.

The development of wind energy in Texas began in the 1990s when the first large-scale wind farms were constructed in West Texas and the Panhandle region. Significant growth occurred in the 2000s as improved turbine technology, federal tax incentives, and state renewable energy policies helped drive rapid expansion of wind farms. Today, Texas has over 14,000 operational wind turbines across more than 40 wind projects.

Wind generation capacity in Texas currently stands at over 30,000 megawatts, enough to power approximately 10 million homes. Wind represented 23% of total electricity generation across the state in 2020. Texas also leads all states in wind energy as a share of total electricity generation within the state.

Current Wind Energy Capacity

As of 2022, Texas had over 40,500 megawatts (MW) of installed wind capacity, accounting for about 26% of all wind energy in the United States (Texas Comptroller). This is more than double the next leading state, Iowa, which had under 12,000 MW of wind capacity. For comparison, California had just over 6,000 MW of installed wind capacity.

Texas continues to lead the nation in wind energy, producing around 28% of all wind-powered electricity generation in the U.S. in 2022. Wind has become a major part of the energy mix in Texas, generating over 25% of the electricity demand on the main grid, ERCOT, in 2021 (Texas Comptroller).

Major Wind Farms

Texas is home to some of the largest wind farms in the United States. According to the American Wind Energy Association, Texas has over 14,000 wind turbines across more than 40 wind projects as of 2019 (Innergex Q1 2020 Financial Statements).

Some of the major wind farms in Texas include:

  • Roscoe Wind Farm – Located in Roscoe, Texas, it is one of the largest wind farms in the world with a capacity of 781.5 MW.
  • Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center – Located in Taylor County, this wind farm has a capacity of 735.5 MW.
  • Capricorn Ridge Wind Farm – With a capacity of 662.5 MW, this wind farm is located in Sterling and Coke County.
  • Panther Creek Wind Farm – Situated in Howard County, this wind farm has a capacity of 457.5 MW.
  • Sweetwater Wind Farm – Located in Nolan County, it has a capacity of 585.3 MW.

Wind Energy Growth

Over the past decade, wind energy in Texas has experienced tremendous growth. According to the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), Texas has more installed wind capacity than any other state, with over 30,000 MW as of 2019. This accounts for around 25% of all wind power in the United States (Brazilian company SERENA propels Texas’ wind energy growth with billion-dollar investment in Armstrong County, 2023). In 2009, Texas had just under 10,000 MW of installed wind capacity, so the state has more than tripled its wind energy in 10 years.

Several factors have driven the rapid growth of wind in Texas. Firstly, the state has excellent wind resources, especially in west Texas and the panhandle. Secondly, favorable state policies like the Renewable Portfolio Standard helped spur wind farm development in the 2000s. Lastly, the falling cost of wind energy due to technological advances made it more economically competitive with fossil fuels for power generation (Weis, 2018). Texas added over 2,300 MW of new wind capacity in 2018 alone, showing that the growth is continuing.

Economic Impact

Texas leads the U.S. in wind power capacity and generation. According to the Texas Comptroller, wind power generated over 28% of the state’s electricity in 2023. This growth in wind energy has created significant economic opportunities and jobs within the state. The American Wind Energy Association estimates there are now over 25,000 wind-related jobs in Texas across manufacturing, construction, operations, maintenance, and other sectors.

The increase in wind projects in Texas has led wind turbine manufacturers and component suppliers to open and expand facilities within the state. For example, Danish wind company Vestas expanded production at its Windsor and Brighton blade facilities and Siemens Gamesa opened a new nacelle assembly plant in Hutchinson County. Local tax revenues from wind projects also provide economic benefits for rural counties and school districts.

Environmental Benefits

One of the biggest environmental benefits of wind power in Texas is the reduction of emissions from electricity generation. According to a report from Environment America, the 27 million megawatt-hours of wind energy generated in Texas in 2012 avoided more than 15 million tons of carbon dioxide pollution. This is equivalent to taking over 3 million cars off the road. Wind farms produce no emissions while generating electricity, unlike coal and natural gas plants which contribute to air pollution.

The Texas Comptroller’s office also notes that wind energy helps conserve water in electricity generation. Thermal power plants including coal, nuclear and natural gas require water for cooling. Expanding wind energy allows Texas to avoid over 15 billion gallons of water per year that would have been used in conventional power plants.

Future Expansion Plans

Texas has ambitious goals for expanding its wind power capacity in the coming years. According to the Texas Comptroller’s office, the state had over 15,300 wind turbines at the end of 2021, with plans to add many more. The Comptroller projects Texas will have over 30,000 megawatts of installed wind capacity by 2023. (Wind Power: Energy is Good for Texas)

Looking further ahead, the state aims to have over 50,000 megawatts of wind capacity by 2030 according to the Comptroller. This would generate enough electricity to power over 6 million homes. Reaching these goals will require continued investment in new wind farms across Texas. The Comptroller estimates the wind industry could invest over $80 billion in the state through 2030. (Wind Power: Energy is Good for Texas – Texas Comptroller)

With its vast wind resources and infrastructure, Texas seems well positioned to achieve these expansion targets. However, it will require navigating some challenges around transmission capacity and market incentives. If successful, the growth in wind power will bring major economic and environmental benefits to the state.


While wind energy in Texas has seen tremendous growth, expanding wind power does come with some challenges. Two main challenges involve grid integration and land use issues.

Integrating large amounts of wind energy into the Texas grid can be difficult at times. Wind power is an intermittent resource, meaning it can fluctuate based on weather conditions and wind variability. This can make it challenging for grid operators to balance electricity supply and demand. Upgrading transmission lines, increasing grid flexibility, and improving forecasting are ways Texas is working to better integrate wind power.

Land use is another challenge, as wind farms require large areas of land. Parts of West Texas and the Texas Panhandle have strong wind resources but limited infrastructure. Transporting the electricity and constructing turbines in these remote regions raises issues. There are also concerns about turbines impacting wildlife habitats and disrupting ranching and agriculture. Careful siting and environmental reviews help address these land use challenges.

Overall, Texas continues to be a leader in wind energy, but integrating more wind and expanding turbines responsibly remains an ongoing process. Finding solutions to grid and land use challenges will allow Texas to meet its renewable energy goals in the future. (Source)


Texas leads the nation in wind energy generation, according to Choose Energy (2022). The state produced over 40% of the total wind energy in the United States in 2022. According to federal data analyzed by the Dallas News (2023), Texas produced more wind energy than any other state, including renewable energy leader California. In 2022, Texas wind energy production was estimated at 168 million megawatt-hours, compared to California’s 59 million.

Texas has led the country in wind power for 17 years straight, thanks to its ideal wind conditions and abundant space that enables large-scale wind farms, as reported by the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts (2023). The state’s installed wind capacity reached 39,195 MW by the end of 2022. This is more than twice as much wind energy capacity as the next highest state, Iowa, which had 11,459 MW. Overall, Texas accounted for about 30% of the total U.S. installed wind energy capacity.

According to the American Clean Power Association, Texas also has over 14,000 wind turbines installed across the state as of Q2 2022, far surpassing any other state. California comes in second for installed wind capacity with 6,972 turbines. Thanks to its concentrated investments in wind power, Texas wind energy provided about 28% of the state’s total electricity generation in 2022.


Texas has made great strides in utilizing its abundant wind resources for electricity generation. Wind power currently supplies around 25% of the state’s electricity, up from just 0.8% in 2000. With over 40 wind farms and over 14,000 wind turbines, Texas leads the nation in wind energy capacity. Key factors driving wind energy growth in the state include policy incentives, economic benefits, environmental advantages, and the state’s bountiful wind resources. Moving forward, Texas is poised to further expand its wind generation as costs continue to fall and new transmission lines unlock more capacity. Challenges remain around integrating intermittent wind resources and maintaining grid reliability, but continued innovation and policy support can help Texas solidify its position as a national wind power leader.

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